to elect 85 in
Tomorrow's vote fallsBy Harold Morse
106 years to the day of the
One hundred and six years to the day after the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, 85 Hawaiians will be elected tomorrow as delegates to a convention whose goal is forging an entity to truly represent all Hawaiians worldwide.
If a forum of Honolulu candidates last night at Kaumakapili Church typifies overall sentiment, no unanimity exists on how to bring this about. Eight candidates for convention seats and an equal number of noncandidates considered at length whether the Hawaiian electorate is ready for tomorrow's vote.
Most said the time has come, ready or not.
After preliminary explanation that Ha Hawaii, which organized tomorrow's election, is only a process facilitator to get on with the task of creating the noble ideal, it was reiterated that recommendations made by the convention must be ratified by Hawaiian voters.
"I believe in the people, and I believe that the people should be making the choices," said candidate Charles Rose. "I take offense to the fact that people believe the process is contaminated."
The approach now being taken is sound and fair, he said. "We include all people of Hawaiian ancestry," he said. "This is a people project ... If I am elected, I hope to go into the convention with an open mind."
Said Mahealani Kamauu: "My reason for standing before you as a candidate tonight is -- like I believe 99.9 percent of our people -- I recognize that there are many problems in our community that we can address. I can see how our lack of autonomy and self-determination has hurt our people."
Kamauu said the effect of Western law applied to Hawaii has been to dispossess Hawaiians of their land. She also saw education, the high rate of incarceration of Hawaiians and the health of Hawaiians as issues. "At least at this time, I'm for complete independence," she said.
From the time of Kamehameha I, all Hawaiians have had the inherent right to a home, said Louis Agard. "You're allowed to have a place to subsist," he said. "All of the ceded land should go to the heirs that live here."
Emil Muller regretted turmoil among Hawaiians over sovereignty. "The delegates have to approach this with an open mind," he said, adding that what comes out of the convention depends on the people. "The people will choose; the people will vote." Winston Tyau held up a brightly hued cloth he called royal yellow. He hopes this color will become a symbol of royal trust in a new and sovereign Hawaii.
Dante Carpenter, former state senator and Big Island mayor, believes native Hawaiians are short-changed on opportunities.
"Ironically, it seems to me that no other organization, certainly no state agency could fulfill the role that this particular convention tries to fulfill," he said. David Donn Maikai'i Hana'ike, a teacher, said: "I have an interest in this that is aimed toward education." He is willing to work the next 30 years to help educate his fellow Hawaiians in self-determination, he said.
C.J. Kaui Jochanan Amsterdam drew a parallel between restoration of the Hawaiian nation and creation of the state of Israel. "If we should have the Hawaiian nation is not the issue; it's how."
In a later discussion, Rose and Kamauu condemned the 1893 overthrow. Any subsequent evil was the fruit of a poisoned tree planted by the overthrow, Rose said. Carpenter reminded them that Hawaiians and others voted for Hawaii statehood in 1959.
Election opponents include Kupono Coalition and Ka Lahui Hawaii. They object to what they see as a process sponsored, created and financed by the state.
"Ka Lahui Hawaii calls upon the Hawaiian community to reject the Ha Hawaii election of delegates by boycotting the vote and becoming a citizen of Ka Lahui Hawaii, a native initiative for self-government," a Ka Lahui Hawaii statement said.
"I am not voting this Sunday," said former state Rep. Kinau Boyd Kamalii, chairwoman of Hoomalu Ma Kualoa, affiliated with Kupono Coalition. She said not enough is known about the Ha Hawaii process. "I don't know what the rush is. They picked the date of Jan. 17, and they just think they have to stay with it," she said.
"Many of us don't even know the people who are running, and I think it's unfair to all of us when we don't know who the candidates are." She foresaw a low voter turnout and said if fewer than 55,000 Hawaiians vote, the election should be null and void.
More than 150 candidates are vying for 85 seats in tomorrow's 1999 Native Hawaiian Delegates Election, which selects representatives for a future Hawaiian convention. The contenders:
MOKU HAWAIIMoku delegates (4 seats)
Bentosino, Laurette P.
Bowman, Lani L.
Keanaaina-McDonald, Ruby P.
Victor, Walter Jr.
Young, Moku G.M.
Hilo (3 seats)
Ha'o, Joseph Kamai
Wendekier, Bernie Akoni
Puna (1 seat)
Ka'u (1 seat)
Kona (1 seat)
Kohala (1 seat)
Dela Cruz, Stewart
Hamakua (1 seat)
Kamakawiwoole, Reynolds N. Jr.
MOKU MAUI, MOLOKAI, LANAIMoku delegates (2 seats)
Armitage, Nelson K.
Correa, Eloise (Kaulana)
Kaho'ohalahala, Sol P.
Kama, Natalie A. (Tahsa)
Keliikoa, Glen K.H.
Maxwell, Charles Kauluwehi
Naki, Leimana Kaiwi
Sousa, Keoki Hana (1 seat)
Lind, Daisy M. Makawao (1 seat)
Feiteira, Blossom P.
Kaimiola, George M.
Kanahuna, Joseph K. Wailuku (2 seats)
Kamai, Clarence K., Sr.
Kiili, Keoki M. (Abihai)
Pahia, Robert (Bobby)
Soloman, C. Keli'ionamoku Lahaina (1 seat)
Lindsey, Mary Helen
Waiohu, William, Jr. Molokai, Kalawao (1 seat)
Harris, Alberta L. (Bert)
Kahalehoe, Jeanette L.
Ramos, Martin Kaipo Lanai (1 seat)
Kaho'ohalahala, Gaylien K., Sr.
MOKU KAUAI AND NIIHAUHanalei (1 seat)
Ham Young, Cathy Kalehua
Anahola (1 seat)
Kauihana, Keohokui A.
Loo, Audrey K.
Smith, Henry E., Jr. Kawaihau (1 seat)
Albao, Liberta Lilia Hussey
Makanani, Attwood M.
Oclit, Fendel (Ding) Lihue (1 seat)
Fyfe, Kai'opua Koloa (1 seat)
Kealoha, Christobel Kauahi
Perry, Warren C.R. (Kahaka) Waimea/Niihau (1 seat)
Flores, E. Kalani
Fukino, R. Wayne
MOKU HONOLULUMoku delegates (4 seats)
Agard, Louis K. (Buzzy)
Akana, Stanley Leialoha, Jr.
Ayau, Edward Halealoha
Cazimero, M. Momi W.
De Lude, William J. (Willie)
Kamau, Bill K., III
Keppeler, H.K. Bruss
Rose, Charles (Kale Loke)
Tyau, Winston (Aikapa) East Honolulu (3 seats)
Benham, Roy Ilikea
Chong, Rebecca M.
Lindsey, Vernal Pe'a
Low, John L.
Muller, Emil Max
Naho'opi'i, Daniel K.
Paresa, Leonard Pomaikai, Sr.
Thompson, Myron (Pinky) Central Honolulu (3 seats)
Among, Les A.
Amsterdam, CJ Kaui Jochanan
Hana'ike, David Donn Maikai'i
Ha'o-Ross, Peggy K.
Kaai, Elmer Ka'ilikole, Jr.
Rowland, Gwendolyn Pua'nani
Vaughan, Kilipaki K.F. (Paki)
Wilson, Kalaniakea N. West Honolulu (4 seats)
Bongo, L. Lehua
Carpenter, Dante Keala
Moepono, Sesnita A.D.
MOKU EWAMoku delegates (4 seats)
Ching, Claude Keli'i
Hubbard, Lela Malina
Oamilda, Glenn J. Makalapa, Halawa, Aiea (1 seat)
Pearl City (1 seat)
Waipahu (2 seats)
Ewa (1 seat)
Akaka, Kanani Leigh
MOKU WAHIAWA, WAIALUA, KOOLAULOAMoku delegates (4 seats)
Beirne, D. Ululani
Chun, Ian Nui
Meatoga, Pane, Jr. (P.J.)
Wasson, Dawn Kahalaomapuana
Woolsey, James K., Jr. Wahiawa, Mililani (2 seats)
Kiyohiro, Larry Joy
Mokuau, Allan L.K. Waialua (1 seat)
Awai, James L., Jr.
Kamauoha, Laakea D. Koolauloa (1 seat)
Havre, Abbie Waiwaiole
Logan, Roland A. (Bulla)
MOKU WAIANAEMoku delegates (4 seats)
Akaka, Kanani Leigh
DeLude, Clarence Ha'o Kupahu
Drake, Hoaliku L.
Hayghe, Kaliko (Kaahaaina)
II Lunalilo, Peter Sellers
Iokua, Moses Kahaulelani
Kamai, Larry Ka'ili
Kila, Glen Makakaualii
Laenui, Poka (Hayden Burgess)
Lucero, Aireen Lauaeomakana
Mole, Robert K. (Bob) Nanakuli, Lualualei (2 seats)
Kanahele, Kamaki A.
O'Connell, E. Haalilio Maili, Waianae (2 seats)
Hew Len, Herbert Makaha to Kaena (1 seat)
Hikalea, Michael H., Jr.
MOKU KOOLAUPOKOMoku delegates (4 seats)
Alau, Henry D.K. (Hank)
Aluli, Kapuaihooleiiai Kapono
Aweau, Norman E.P.
DeMello, Lee Ann
Gerona, Vincent C. Kaleohano
Hussey, Ikaika M.L.
Jarrett, Ron K.
Kaaihili, Michael AK (Tiki)
Kanahele, Dennis (Bumpy)
Kapuniai, Daniel H., Jr.
Keohokalole, Dennis Ka'imi
Lau, William K. (Bill)
Mossman, Paul L.
Rodenhurst, R. A'oPohaku Ku
Tripp, Henry K.J. Kualoa to Kahaluu (1 seat)
Hoe, Kelikokauaikekai R. Kaneohe (2 seats)
Nalua'i, Solomon D.K.
Tavares, Wesley L.K.
Wong, Jimmy K. Kailua (2 seats)
Agard, Keoni Kealoha
Lyons, T.B., III
Pa Martin, Liz Ho'oipo Nakea
Prejean, Nakoa Waimanalo (2 seats)
Hikalea, Michael Hale
Kalima, Leona Mapuana
Maukele, Kau'ionalani P.A.
MOKU KAMA'AINAMoku delegates (4 seats)
Akima, Chalmers L.
Crawford, Dolly Keahiolalo
Smith, Reidar Ku'uipo
West, David R. Continental U.S., Alaska (3 seats)
Clark, Dewey K., Jr.
Pang, Victor Kaiwi
Shellabarger, Mahealani B.
Wong, Dana J. Kehaulani
Here are answers from Ha Hawai'i to oft-asked questions about tomorrow's election of delegates for a future native Hawaiian convention:
Q: Where does Ha Hawai'i get its authority?
A: For most groups, authority stems from its membership. Ha Hawai'i has a board of directors, an executive committee and general membership body of about 200 people. However, Ha Hawai'i does not require a person to be a member in order to participate in its initiatives. All other organizations require membership for direct participation in their groups. Not so with Ha Hawai'i.
Ha Hawai'i is an all-inclusive process meant for all Hawaiians, living in or out of Hawai'i. Q: Who supports Ha Hawai'i?
A: Authority also comes from those who support it. Here are some of its supporters: Administration for Native Americans, Association of Hawaiian Civic Clubs, Council of Hawaiian Organizations, Hawai'i Community Foundation, Hui Kalai'aina, The Nation of Hawai'i, The Nation of Ku, Native Hawaiian Bar Association, Native Hawaiian Chamber of Commerce, Native Hawaiian Legal Corporation, Pa Kui a Holo, Pu'a Foundation, State Council of Hawaiian Homestead Associations. These organizations represent thousands of Hawaiians.
Q: Is Ha Hawai'i a state-controlled/state-manipulated group?
A: Detractors of Ha Hawai'i used to say it was a state agency. Ha Hawai'i is a 501(c)(3) corporation registered in the state of Hawaii. This makes Ha Hawai'i eligible for grants from government and private sources in order to realize its mission. If Ha Hawai'i were a state agency, it could not apply to the Office of Hawaiian Affairs for a grant.
Q: What is the intention of the Native Hawaiian Convention?
A: The Ha Hawai'i mission is to hold a delegate convention to determine a form of self-determination. The delegates at the convention must first determine whether Hawaiians should adopt a form of self-determination independent from the state of Hawaii. Next, it must determine what form self-determination should take, i.e., constitutional monarchy, nation within a nation, state within a state, etc. In order to accomplish this the delegation needs to read, review and analyze various forms of government. This will require the delegates to look at items such as constitutions, by-laws and bills of rights. The job of the delegates will be to determine a form of self-determination that they will bring to the Hawaiian people for a ratification vote.
Q: The results of the 1996 Native Hawaiian Vote did not support the efforts of Ha Hawai'i.
A: A total of 81,507 ballots were mailed out in 1996. A total of 30,783 ballots were returned: 8,129 were "no" and 22,294 were "yes." Seventy percent voted to have the convention. We are obligated to those 22,294 Hawaiians to hold this convention.
Detractors of Ha Hawai'i have maintained that the 50,000 ballots not returned in the 1996 election represent 50,000 Hawaiians who did not want to have the election in the first place and so protested by not voting and returning the ballot. This argument cannot be supported.
Q: After the convention, what guarantee is there that we will be recognized?
A: There are no guarantees that the state or federal government will recognize anything that results from the convention. However, it is highly unlikely that the results of a successful convention will go unnoticed by government.
Recognition has to start with ourselves. If the majority of Hawaiians participate in the Native Hawaiian Delegate Election, by their very participation they acknowledge their commitment and involvement to the establishment of a new Hawaiian government. The state and federal governments would be foolish not to recognize these efforts.