Obama signs defense bill; Hawaii projects to benefit


POSTED: Wednesday, October 28, 2009


WASHINGTON >> Trumpeting a victory against careless spending, President Barack Obama today signed a defense bill that kills some costly weapons projects and expands war efforts.

In a major civil rights change, the law also makes it a federal hate crime to assault people based on sexual orientation.

The $680 billion bill authorizes spending but doesn't provide any actual dollars. Rather, it sets guidance that is typically followed by congressional committees that decide appropriations. Obama hailed it as a step toward ending needless military spending that he called “;an affront to the American people and to our troops.”;

U.S. Rep. Neil Abercrombie, who attended the signing ceremony, said in a statement that the new law includes an initiative  to bring fairness to 43,000 federal employees in Hawaii, Alaska and the U.S. Territories. The initiative gives these employees parity with their mainland counterparts when it comes to computing retirement pensions.

“;It's a matter of fairness”; Abercrombie (D-Hawaii) said. “;Federal employees in Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto Rico and the Pacific Islands shouldn't have to settle for less financial security in their retirement.”;

Abercrombie said the new law also includes nearly $24 million in defense project spending to Hawaii, including:

>> $2.4 million for research into a wave powered electric grid power generating system;

>> $3 million for development of a local and renewable fuel source for the military in Hawaii.

>> $850,000 for construction design of drydock facilities at Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard;

>> $5.4 million for construction design of the Hawaii National Guard's Joint Forces Readiness Center; and

>> $4.0 million for construction of a ground control tower at Hickam AFB. 

>> Four projects totaling $9 million for defense research and development of new sensor technologies and advanced detection systems. 

 In addition to defense spending, the new law expands current hate crimes law to include violence based on gender, sexual orientation, gender identity or disability. To assure its passage after years of frustrated efforts, Democratic supporters attached the measure to the must-pass defense policy bill over the steep objections of many Republicans.

The White House put most of its focus on what the bill does contain: project after project that Obama billed as unneeded. The bill terminates production of the F-22 fighter jet program, which has its origins in the Cold War era and, its critics maintain, is poorly suited for anti-insurgent battles in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Obama and Defense Secretary Robert Gates targeted certain projects for elimination, putting them at odds with some lawmakers. The same spending items deemed unnecessary or outdated by Pentagon officials can mean lost jobs and political fallout for lawmakers back in their home districts.

“;When Secretary Gates and I first proposed going after some of these wasteful projects, there were a lot of people who didn't think it was possible, who were certain we were going to lose, who were certain that we were going to get steamrolled,”; Obama said. “;Today, we have proven them wrong.”;

In another of several examples, the legislation terminates the replacement helicopter program for the president's own fleet. That program is six years behind schedule and estimated costs have doubled to more than $13 billion.

Yet the legislation still contains an effort by lawmakers to continue development—over the president's strong objections—of a costly alternative engine for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, the Air Force's fighter of the future. A vague White House veto threat about that never came to fruition.

“;There's still more fights that we need to win,”; Obama said. “;Changing the culture in Washington will take time and sustained effort.”;

Obama signed the bill in the East Room, adding some fanfare to draw attention to his message of fiscal responsibility and support for the military.

He spoke more personally about the new civil rights protections. A priority of the late Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass., that had been on the congressional agenda for a decade, the measure is named for Matthew Shepard, the gay Wyoming college student murdered 11 years ago.

Obama acknowledged Shepard's mom, Judy, and remembered that he had told her this day would come. He also gave a nod to Kennedy's family. Going forward, Obama promised, people will be protected from violence based on “;what they look like, who they love, how they pray or why they are.”;

The expansion has long been sought by civil rights and gay rights groups. Conservatives have opposed it, arguing that it creates a special class of victims. They also have been concerned that it could silence clergymen or others opposed to homosexuality on religious or philosophical grounds.

On the military front, the legislation approves Obama's $130 billion request as the latest installment of money toward the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

The far-reaching law also prohibits the Obama administration from transferring any detainee being held at the Guantanamo Bay military prison in Cuba to the United States for trial until 45 days after it has given notice to Congress. Guantanamo prisoners could not be released into the United States.