Don't let your dog eat these poisonous plants


POSTED: Tuesday, November 17, 2009

We just welcomed a new puppy to our family, a Labrador-golden Retriever, and is this little guy a master of disaster! Our vet told me that while he's teething he'll go through a “;biting stage.”; And, if it moves he chews it, if it smells he chews it, if it can fit into his mouth he chews it, and even if it can't fit into his mouth he'll try to chew it.

The ti leaf plant in our back yard was one of his first victims. With its lush green leaves swaying in the wind, the poor plant must have been an irresistible catch.

Though I know ti leaf plants aren't poisonous, I wondered what other plants was he chewing on might be hazardous.

Here are some of the more popular plants that pose a danger to your dogs if consumed, the symptoms associated with ingestion, and what to do if your pet has eaten these plants.



Toxins: Presumed to by hydrocyanic acid of tannins

Symptoms: Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea

First aid: Induce vomiting with 3 percent hydrogen peroxide solution and provide symptomatic treatment. Pets will generally make a full recovery within 24 to 48 hours of ingestion. Consult a veterinarian.



Toxins: Cardiac glycosides, nerioside, oleandroside and oleandrin

Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, cardiac abnormalities, decreased body temperature and death.

First aid: Induce vomiting by stomach pumping to remove any undigested plant matter. Seek emergency veterinary treatment.



Toxins: Grayanotoxin and arbutin glucoside

Symptoms: Excessive drooling, weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, suppression of the central nervous system, abnormally low blood pressure, cardiovascular collapse, coma and death.

First aid: Prevent any further ingestion of the plant and provide supportive care. Seek veterinary attention.



Toxins: Cyeasin

Symptoms: Bloody vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, increased thirst and bruising.

Additional information: A few seeds can kill a dog.

First aid: Prevent any further ingestion of the plant and provide supportive care. Seek veterinary attention.



Toxins: Ricin

Symptoms: Increase in body temperature accompanied by depression, this will progress to vomiting, profuse diarrhea with our without blood, extreme abdominal pain and convulsions.

First aid: Prevent further ingestion of the plant and contact a veterinarian immediately for emergency medical procedures. If the consumption is more than a few hours old, the only probable option is supportive care and treatment.


Other plants that can harm dogs include: aloe, anthurium, avocado, chrysanthemum, coral plant, eggplant, elephant's ear, fruit salad plant, grapes, Japanese yew, jimson weed, macadamia nut, milkweed, morning glory, narcissus, onion, pencil plant, poinsettia, potato, star of bethlehem and tomato.