CRAIG T. KOJIMA / CKOJIMA@STARBULLETIN.COM
Aaron Wu, a Panda multi-unit general manager, stirs up some flames when making Kung Pao Chicken at the newest Panda Express at Moanalua Shopping Center. CLICK FOR LARGE
Orange Chicken on the house
Panda Express marks 20 years in Hawaii with major plans for expansion
WE'RE GOING to play word association. I'll say a word and you say what first comes to mind.
OK, a few of you said "bear," but I'd venture that a majority of the rest said "Orange Chicken," especially given the visual clues on this page.
Truth is, Panda Express Orange Chicken is something of a pop-culture phenom. At 900 Panda restaurants in 36 states, those little glazed nuggets are the No. 1 seller, accounting for 38 percent of sales, even though diners typically have 19 other menu choices.
"We have people banging on the door after we're closed, saying, 'Can we just have some Orange Chicken?' " says Randal Abrams, training leader for Panda in Hawaii. "Even during a power outage, we have people saying, 'Do you just have Orange Chicken?' "
Last year, Abrams says, the chain sold 39 million pounds of that chicken.
The Panda chicken recipe is among top requests from readers of this column. Don't get your hopes up, though, I don't have it. Panda won't release it, nor will it give up its No. 2 seller, Beef Broccoli, and no one says they have to, so you can all stop asking.
So, why bring this up? Well, I do have some clues to offer (keep reading). Plus, Panda is celebrating 20 years in Hawaii next week with a party at its newest location, in the Moanalua Shopping Center. The governor's expected, along with company founder Andrew Cherng and other Panda bigwigs.
Celebration: 10 a.m. Tuesday
Place: Panda Express Drive-Thru Restaurant, Moanalua Shopping Center (near Pearl Harbor Navy Exchange)
Featuring: Presentations and prize-giveaways; 20 percent of day's sales donated to Boys and Girls Club of Oahu
Free lunches: To the first 88 customers at any Panda location (the number 88 signifies double happiness in Chinese)
"This is a big deal for us," says Bob Lustig, vice president of operations for the Panda zone that includes Hawaii.
Hawaii's first Panda, after all, rakes in the highest revenue of any Panda anywhere -- that's $4 million annually at the Ala Moana Center food court, Abrams says.
Moanalua is on its way to the No. 2 position nationally, he adds, and represents Panda's vision for the future. It's free-standing, rather than tucked away in a food court or strip mall, located in that major commercial land mass around the Pearl Harbor Navy Exchange. Also, it has an open "show kitchen," a la Roy Yamaguchi, and a drive-though, a la McDonald's.
"It's the first drive-through Chinese restaurant in the country," Abrams says.
The Panda empire began more than 30 years ago as a full service restaurant, the Panda Inn in Pasadena, Calif. The first Panda Express opened in nearby Glendale in 1983.
Panda's Hawaii restaurants now number 12, but plans are to open five more this year and to eventually expand to 40, Lustig says. Nationally, the plan is to add 150 restaurants per year, with a vision of 10,000 -- "over however long it takes."
Panda's growth has been running about 16 percent annually, making it among the Top 10 fastest growing chain restaurants, according to figures compiled by Technomic Information Services, which tracks the food-service industry. Those figures also rank Panda as No. 47 in sales among restaurant chains with $735 million in sales in 2005. The next closest Asian chain was PF Chang's China Bistro at No. 51. (Abrams says Panda should pass the $1 billion mark this year.)
Darren Tristano, executive vice president at Technomic, says the newer Panda stores reflect customer interest in a dining experience that's a cut above fast food, with nicer dining rooms and more variety, but still quick and convenient.
Chuck Gee, dean emeritus at the University of Hawaii's Travel Industry Management school, helped recruit cooks for Panda and knows the local operation well. "People like things popularly priced -- 'popular' is a euphemism for 'cheap' -- and they like it fast and not complicated. Panda satisfies all three."
Gee says Panda also has been successful in developing recipes that can be produced quickly by cooks with no training in classical Chinese, with flavors that appeal both to customers who understand Chinese food and those who need a more Westernized approach.
WHICH BRINGS the discussion back around to Orange Chicken. Panda's version was inspired in Hawaii, around the time the Ala Moana store was opening. It was based on local-style fried-chicken dishes (think mochiko or garlic chicken), as much as on the traditional Chinese dish. The idea was taken to the chain's chefs in California for development.
At first, Lustig says, it was a "chicken-wingy kind of thing, but they realized it was a little difficult for customers to eat."
The dish has roots in a traditional Chinese dish, Chen Pi Gi, that shows up in Hunan, Szechuan and Cantonese cooking. Gee says the traditional version is made with dried orange rind, giving it a much more assertive, fresher taste. The chicken is normally chopped with the bones left in.
CRAIG T. KOJIMA / CKOJIMA@STARBULLETIN.COM
The newest Panda in Moanalua Shopping Center is the first to have drive-through service. Aaron Wu, multi-unit general manager, holds the chain's top-selling dishes, Beef Broccoli, left, and Orange Chicken. CLICK FOR LARGE
The Taiwanese equivalent would be General Tso's Chicken, made with fried boneless nuggets and a sauce that often contains tomato sauce or ketchup.
Panda's version is typical of how the dish has been Americanized -- still tangy, but sweeter.
HERE'S WHAT I can tell you about Panda's formula: The boneless chicken pieces are breaded, fried, frozen and sent here from corporate kitchens in California. The nuggets are re-fried in local restaurants, and the sauce is made fresh from a base mix of sugar, vinegar, soy sauce and orange extract. Cooking wine, sesame oil, chili peppers and minced garlic and ginger are stir-fired in a hot wok, then the soy mixture goes in, then the fried chicken pieces.
All you kitchen chemists can have at it -- let me know if you get close.
Orange Chicken came to be the chain's top menu item without benefit of any national campaign, but Gee has his theory. He visited a lot of Pandas while helping the chain recruit, and noticed that employees were quick to offer free samples of Orange Chicken.
"If there was a slack moment, there'd be a girl handing you a toothpick with a piece of chicken. I figured if I stood in line long enough I'd have enough chicken that I wouldn't have to buy anything."
Kung Pao Chicken is tasty, too
No luck getting that Orange Chicken recipe, but Panda was willing to part with another of its top dishes.
Kung Pao Chicken
1 pound boneless, skinless chicken breast, diced into 1/2-inch pieces, rinsed and drained
1 teaspoon cooking wine
2-1/2 tablespoons soy sauce
1/3 cup water
2-1/2 tablespoons vegetable oil, divided use
12 whole dry chili peppers (smaller than 3 inches; if longer, cut in half)
1/4 cup diced green onion, white part only, in 1/2-inch pieces
1 teaspoon ground ginger
1 teaspoon ground garlic
1 teaspoon crushed red chili pepper
1/2 tablespoon cornstarch mixed with 1/2 tablespoon water
1 teaspoon sesame oil
2 ounces dry roasted peanuts
1/4 cup water
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/4 cup cornstarch
2 tablespoons vegetable oil
Combine marinade ingredients. Add chicken; refrigerate at least 1 hour.
Combine wine, soy sauce and water; set aside.
Heat wok on high heat 10 seconds. Add 2 tablespoons oil and heat well. Remove chicken from marinade and add to wok. Stir-fry quickly, 60 seconds. Remove chicken; drain well.
Add chili peppers. Stir-fry until they darken. If wok becomes too dry, add 1/2 tablespoon vegetable oil. Add green onions, ginger, garlic and crushed red chili pepper. Stir-fry 5 seconds.
Return chicken to wok; stir soy sauce/wine mixture and add; stir until sauce boils, then add cornstarch mix to thicken. Add sesame oil and peanuts. Stir and fold until ingredients are thoroughly mixed. Serves 3.
Approximate nutritional analysis, per serving: 750 calories, 40 g total fat, 4.5 g saturated fat, 125 mg cholesterol, greater than 1,250 mg sodium, 53 g carbohydrate, 17 g fiber, 2 g sugar, 50 g protein.
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Nutritional analyses by Joannie Dobbs, Ph.D., C.N.S.