Dec. 22, 1945: U.S. Secretary of Interior Harold Ickes officially recommends statehood for Hawaii, based on its outstanding WWII record. Earlier, the Democratic National Convention had endorsed statehood.
Hawaii for the ages
Wave of Americanism
culminates in statehood
Jan. 7, 1946: House of Representatives Territorial Committee opens first statehood hearings. Over next 10 years, statehood gains favor in the House, but opposition in Senate.
1948: President Harry S Truman endorses Hawaii statehood bill in February report to Congress. ALSO: Tripler Army Hospital opens. ALSO: Korean War begins.
1949: National Memorial Cemetery at Punchbowl opens. ALSO: Six-month dock strike, led by Jack Hall and ILWU, paralyzes community.
1951: Oren E. Long is 10th territorial governor. ALSO: Temple Emmanuel is built. ALSO: The Oahu Federation of Teachers organizes.
1952: First scheduled TV broadcast here, by KGMB. ALSO: Tsunami from earthquake off Kamchatka causes damage here.
1953: ILWU's Jack Hall and six others convicted June 16 under anti-Communist Smith Act; convictions later overturned by federal appeals court. ALSO: Japan's Crown Prince Akihito visits Hawaii. ALSO: 11th Territorial Gov. Samuel Wilder King.
1954: U.S. Senate committee approves statehood bill for Hawaii despite former Gov. Ingram Stainback's testimony that labor unions here are infiltrated by Communists.
1955: Brigham Young University-Hawaii founded, as is Chaminade University. ALSO: Powerful AFL and CIO merge into one massive labor union.
1956: John Burns is delegate to Congress. ALSO: Waikiki Shell opens.
ALSO: Hydrogen bomb tested at Bikini Atoll. ALSO: Sputnik I launched by Soviets on Oct. 4, world's first manmade Earth satellite; in November, Sputnik II launched with live dog aboard.
1957: 12th Territorial Gov. William F. Quinn appointed. ALSO: Pali Highway's first two tunnels open to traffic. ALSO: Tsunami from Aleutian Islands earthquake causes $5 million in damage here. ALSO: CINCPAC on Oahu becomes command central for U.S. Pacific armed forces, the world's largest single unified military command.
ALSO: Alaska gains Congress' approval for statehood; it's officially proclaimed 49th state in January 1959.
1958: Containerized cargo shipments begin on Matson freighters. ALSO: Trans Pacific Airlines becomes Aloha Airlines.
1959: Hawaii officially becomes 50th U.S. state on Aug. 21: U.S. Senate approval occurs March 11, then the House on March 12, then signing of the law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on March 18; a plebiscite of residents approve it in June. In Hawaii's first general election on July 28, Republican William F. Quinn is elected governor; Oren Long and Hiram L. Fong, U.S. senators; and Daniel K. Inouye, U.S. representative. As pact of statehood, U.S. transfers former Hawaiian Government and Crown lands to the state of Hawaii, and puts the land in a public trust, to be used only for native Hawaiians and specific public purposes. ALSO: Ala Moana Shopping Center opens. ALSO: First Hawaii-mainland jet service. ALSO: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. speaks at Punahou School.
The Honolulu Star-Bulletin is counting down to year 2000 with this special series. Each installment will chronicle important eras in Hawaii's history, featuring a timeline of that particular period. Next installment: October 25.
About this Series
Project Editor: Lucy Young-Oda
Chief Photographer:Dean Sensui