Millennium series continues
The years between 1920 and 1941 brought sunny growth and dark tensions to the Territory of Hawaii.
Seventy years ago, the islands were the domain of pineapple growers, sugar planters and the U.S. military.
There were hotels in Waikiki and downtown, but no tourist industry. Hawaii was a paradise for the rich to visit and a faraway romantic vision for most others.
But to those who lived here, the period from 1920 to 1941 was often a seething caldron.
Simmering beneath Hawaii's sunny image, three major forces were at work: Economic control by the dominant Big Five firms, racism which exploded with the Massie case, and an increasingly powerful U.S. military presence.
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